How to Build an Indoor Herb Garden in 2023: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

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Are you a plant enthusiast looking to bring the joys of gardening indoors? Creating an indoor herb garden is a rewarding and delightful way to have fresh, aromatic herbs at your fingertips all year round. Whether you have a spacious apartment or a small living space, an indoor herb garden can fit into any corner of your home. In this DIY guide, we will walk you through the tools and processes required to build your very own indoor herb garden, providing helpful tips and space-saving ideas to get you started.

1. Tips for building indoor herb garden

1.1 Choosing the Right Herbs for Your Indoor Garden

Before you start building your indoor herb garden, consider the herbs you’d like to cultivate. Opt for herbs that thrive indoors and can withstand low light conditions. Popular choices include basil, mint, parsley, chives, rosemary, and thyme. Selecting a variety of herbs will not only add diversity to your garden but also enrich your culinary experiences.

1.2 Space-Saving Indoor Herb Garden Ideas

If you’re dealing with limited space, fear not! There are numerous creative ways to build an indoor herb garden that doesn’t take up much room. Consider vertical planters, wall-mounted shelves, or hanging pots to utilize vertical space effectively. These innovative solutions can turn any small apartment into a green oasis.

1.3 Container Options for Indoor Herb Gardens

When it comes to containers for your indoor herb garden, the choices are endless. Opt for pots or containers with good drainage to prevent overwatering. Repurposed containers such as mason jars, tin cans, or wooden crates add a charming touch to your indoor garden while being eco-friendly.

1.4 Low-Light Indoor Herb Garden Tips

While herbs love sunlight, not all indoor spaces receive ample natural light. If your home has limited sunlight, choose herbs that can thrive in low-light conditions. Place your herb garden near a south-facing window for maximum exposure. Alternatively, you can use artificial grow lights to supplement the lack of sunlight.

1.5 Organic Indoor Herb Gardening Techniques

For health-conscious individuals, organic herb cultivation is a must. Embrace organic gardening by using natural fertilizers and avoiding chemical pesticides. Compost and organic plant food can nourish your herbs and promote healthy growth.

2. Step-by-Step Guide to Creating an Indoor Herb Garden

Here’s a simple step-by-step process to get your indoor herb garden up and running,

Step 1: Gather the Tools

Potting Soil: Choose high-quality potting soil that provides good drainage and is enriched with nutrients. Avoid using garden soil, as it can compact in containers and hinder root growth.

Herb Seeds or Seedlings: Decide whether you want to start from seeds or use pre-grown seedlings. Seeds offer a wide variety of herb choices, while seedlings provide a head start and are suitable for beginners.

Containers with Drainage Holes: Select containers or pots with drainage holes to prevent waterlogged soil, which can lead to root rot. Ensure the pots are appropriately sized for the herb’s root system.

Watering Can: Use a watering can with a narrow spout to control the water flow and avoid overwatering your herbs.

Gardening Gloves and Trowel: Protect your hands with gardening gloves while handling soil and use a trowel or small shovel to transfer soil into the containers.

Step 2: Prepare the Containers

Fill with Potting Soil: Fill each container with potting soil, leaving about an inch of space from the rim to prevent overflow when watering.

Loosen the Soil: Use your hands or the trowel to gently loosen the soil in the container. This helps create space for the herb’s roots to grow freely.

Create a Small Indentation: Make a small indentation or hole in the center of the soil where you’ll place the herb seeds or seedlings. If using seeds, follow the recommended planting depth on the seed packet.

Moisten the Soil: Before planting, slightly moisten the soil in the containers to provide a suitable environment for the seeds or seedlings. Arrange the Containers: Organize the containers in a well-lit area with access to sunlight or near artificial grow lights if you have low-light conditions.

Step 3: Plant the Herbs

Sow Herb Seeds: If starting from seeds, place the seeds in the indentation you created earlier. Sprinkle the seeds evenly, following the spacing guidelines provided on the seed packet.

Plant Seedlings: If using seedlings, carefully remove them from their nursery pots and place them in the center of each container. Gently press the soil around the seedling to secure it in place.

Water the Plants: After planting the seeds or seedlings, water the containers gently to settle the soil and provide initial hydration to the herbs.

Label the Containers: To keep track of the herbs you’ve planted, consider labeling each container with the name of the herb using plant markers or small tags.

Adjust Placement: Position the containers to ensure each herb receives adequate sunlight or adjust the placement of grow lights as needed.

Step 4: Watering and Maintenance

Watering Frequency: Different herbs have different water requirements. Check the soil regularly and water the herbs when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch.

Avoid Overwatering: Overwatering can be detrimental to herb plants, so be cautious not to let the containers sit in standing water, and ensure proper drainage.

Pruning and Harvesting: Regularly trim the herbs to promote bushier growth and prevent them from becoming leggy. Harvest the herbs by snipping off the top leaves regularly, encouraging new growth.

Fertilize as Needed: If the potting soil lacks nutrients, you can use a balanced liquid fertilizer or organic compost to nourish the herbs. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the appropriate dosage.

Check for Pests and Diseases: Keep an eye out for pests or signs of diseases. If you spot any issues, take appropriate measures, such as using organic insecticidal soap or isolating affected plants.

Step 5: Provide Adequate Light

Sunlight Exposure: Position your indoor herb garden near a south-facing window or any location that receives at least 4-6 hours of sunlight daily. Herbs generally thrive in bright, indirect light.

Supplement with Grow Lights: If natural light is insufficient, use artificial grow lights specifically designed for plants to provide the necessary light spectrum for healthy growth.

Adjust Light Duration: Most herbs require around 12-16 hours of light per day. Use timers to ensure consistent light exposure and avoid overexposure.

Monitor Light Intensity: Different herbs have varying light requirements. Pay attention to any signs of stress, such as wilting or stretching, which may indicate inadequate light or light burn.

Rotate the Containers: To ensure even light distribution, rotate the containers every few days to prevent herbs from leaning towards the light source.


By following this comprehensive step-by-step guide, you can confidently build and maintain your indoor herb garden. Remember to choose the right herbs, use suitable containers, and provide the necessary care and light to ensure a successful indoor gardening experience. Enjoy the convenience of having fresh herbs at your disposal, right in the comfort of your home!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: Is an indoor herb garden worth it?

A: Yes, an indoor herb garden is definitely worth it! It offers several benefits, such as providing fresh herbs at your fingertips for cooking, adding greenery to your indoor space, and improving air quality. Moreover, it’s a cost-effective way to have a variety of herbs available throughout the year.

Q2: Which herb can be grown indoors?

A: Many herbs can thrive indoors, but some popular choices include basil, mint, parsley, chives, rosemary, thyme, oregano, cilantro, and sage. These herbs are well-suited for indoor gardening due to their adaptability to lower light conditions.

Q3: What is the best way to start herbs indoors?

A: The best way to start herbs indoors is by using seeds or seedlings. Seeds offer a wider variety of herbs to choose from, while seedlings provide a head start and are ideal for beginners. Plant them in well-draining containers with nutrient-rich potting soil and place them in a sunny location or under grow lights.

Q4: What pots are best for indoor herbs?

A: For indoor herbs, it’s best to use containers with drainage holes to prevent overwatering. Clay or terracotta pots are excellent choices as they allow air circulation and help prevent root rot. Additionally, small to medium-sized pots are preferable, depending on the herb’s size when fully grown.

Q5: Does growing herbs indoors attract bugs?

A: While it’s possible for indoor herb gardens to attract bugs, proper care and maintenance can minimize this issue. Inspect your plants regularly for any signs of pests, and consider using natural pest repellents like neem oil or introducing beneficial insects to control unwanted bugs.

Q6: Will herbs live year-round indoors?

A: With the right care and conditions, many herbs can live year-round indoors. Providing sufficient light, appropriate watering, and occasional pruning will help maintain healthy herb plants throughout the year.

Q7: What is the hardest herb to grow?

A: While most herbs are relatively easy to grow, cilantro can be challenging for some gardeners. It tends to bolt quickly, meaning it goes to seed and stops producing leaves. However, with proper care and succession planting, you can extend its harvest period.

Q8: Can basil be grown indoors all year round?

A: Yes, basil can be grown indoors year-round with proper care. It thrives in warm indoor temperatures and requires at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily or supplemental grow lights to ensure healthy growth.

Q9: What herbs can I plant together?

A: Some herbs that can be planted together in the same container include thyme, rosemary, and sage, as they have similar care requirements. Similarly, basil, parsley, and cilantro can be grown together as they prefer similar growing conditions.

Q10: How do you start a herb garden for beginners?

A: For beginners, start a herb garden by selecting a few easy-to-grow herbs like basil and mint. Choose suitable containers with drainage holes and fill them with quality potting soil. Plant seeds or seedlings according to instructions, provide adequate sunlight or grow lights, and water the herbs as needed.

Q11: Is it better to grow herbs in soil or water?

A: Generally, it’s better to grow herbs in soil as it provides essential nutrients and stability for the plants. However, certain herbs like mint can also be grown in water, but they may require more frequent monitoring and nutrient supplementation.

Q12: How often should you water herbs indoors?

A: The frequency of watering indoor herbs depends on factors such as the herb type, container size, and environmental conditions. As a general rule, water when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.

Q13: What herbs should not be potted together?

A: Some herbs should not be potted together due to different care requirements or growth habits. For instance, mint is best grown in a separate container as it tends to spread and take over other herbs. Similarly, thyme and basil have different watering needs, so it’s best to keep them separate.

Q14: Do you need special potting mix for herbs?

A: While special potting mixes formulated for herbs can be beneficial, regular high-quality potting soil with good drainage will suffice for most indoor herbs. Adding organic matter like compost can provide additional nutrients for healthy plant growth.

Q15: Should herbs be in terracotta or plastic containers?

A: Terracotta containers are preferred for herbs due to their porous nature, which allows better air circulation and prevents waterlogging. However, plastic containers are lighter and may be suitable for larger herbs. Regardless of the material, ensure all containers have drainage holes.

I'm Vijay Kumar, a consultant with 20+ years of experience specializing in Home, Lifestyle, and Technology. From DIY and Home Improvement to Interior Design and Personal Finance, I've worked with diverse clients, offering tailored solutions to their needs. Through this blog, I share my expertise, providing valuable insights and practical advice for free. Together, let's make our homes better and embrace the latest in lifestyle and technology for a brighter future.